Why is there a sharp rise in diabetes in under-40s?

“Why is there a sharp rise in diabetes in under-40s?

Diabetes UK has reported a significant surge in diabetes cases in people under 40, including children. But what has it outlined as the main causes?

There has been a 39% rise in cases of diabetes among the under-40s, with thousands more undiagnosed, according to a report by Diabetes UK.

The report’s authors said cases of type 2 diabetes among all under-40s have risen by more than 47,000 since 2016/17, an increase of 39%, compared with a rise of 25% for those over 40.

Type 2 diabetes is when the body does not produce enough insulin, or the body’s cells do not react to insulin properly, and lifestyle factors often contribute to its development, according to the NHS.

Diabetes UK’s report suggested poor diets and obesity were largely to blame for the increase in cases, arguing that “drastic changes” over the last 25 years to the food people eat and the environments they live in are taking their toll.

“We are bombarded by adverts for cheaper, unhealthy food,” it said.

“The foods on our shelves are increasingly high in fat, salt and sugar, and rising costs are pushing a healthy diet out of reach for millions.

“These conditions, combined with genetic factors and stark inequalities, are driving rising levels of obesity, which increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.”

The charity pointed out that until 25 years ago, type 2 diabetes in children had never been identified in the UK, but warned it is “now rising rapidly”.

The study said: “People with type 2 diabetes under 40 are more likely to be living with obesity than those in older age groups.

“This is especially pronounced in children,” it said, adding that 81% of children with type 2 are living with obesity.

The study also points to “gross inequalities”, with people from the most deprived areas and those from black and South Asian backgrounds more likely to develop diabetes.

It is calling for the government to “put the building blocks of health in place for every child and young person, including access to green space, affordable, healthy food, and quality housing”.

“The NHS has invested significantly in services to help people prevent, manage and, in some cases, reverse type 2 diabetes, including specific support for people under the age of 40 – but it is clear that reversing this trend requires concerted action across industry, government and society to tackle obesity.”

It has also demanded planned restrictions on junk food advertising be introduced and for further work to expand the sugar tax on soft drinks.

A spokesman for NHS England said: “Obesity leads to a range of serious health conditions including type 2 diabetes, so it’s concerning but not surprising that we’re seeing an increase in the condition as obesity levels rise.”

Words above from article here

Type 2 Diabetes Prevention Week 2024 (20-26 May 2024) 

More to read about this plus the Diabetes UK report here

diabetes blood sugar test

Diabetes News – Related Posts

‘Not All Kids With Type 2 Diabetes have Obesity: What Parents Need to Know’ – read it here

Introduction to low-carb for beginners – read it here

How Low Carb Can Help, plus a favourite recipe – read it here

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Please be aware that this blog brings a variety of articles and recipe ideas. It is important to note, not all may be suitable for you. If you may have any food allergies, or underlying health issues these must always be taken into account. If you are a diabetic and not sure how certain foods may affect your blood sugars, test is best, i.e. use a reliable meter. If you have any concerns about your health, it is always advisable to consult your doctor or health care team.

All the best Jan


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